The high alpine national park is one of the largest nature reserves
in Europe and covers almost 130,800 hectares and stretches across South Tyrol, Trentino and Lombardy. It encompasses large parts of the Ortler Alps
, the Livigno Alps and the Sobretta Gavia Group and borders the Swiss National Park in the Engadine to the south-west. The National Park is bordered to the north by the Vinschgau Valley and the Val Müstair, to the east by the Ulten Valley, to the south by the Val di Sole and to the west by the Valtellina.
It stretches from 700 to 3900 m above sea level and thus runs through all Alpine climate zones
. The flora and fauna here are accordingly unique! Besides deer, roe deer, ibex and chamois, eagles and vultures also live here. To protect this area with all its inhabitants it was declared a national park in 1935
. In the 1970s the national park was extended to its present size.
Five visitor centres have been opened in South Tyrol in order to communicate the various themes that are important for this region:
||Prato allo Stelvio
||The element "water" with the permanent exhibition "Under the fishes - a journey into foreign worlds".
||The world of birds
||The world of mountain farmers in the National Park then and now
||Santa Gertrude / Val d'Ultimo
||The forest as an irreplaceable resource of nature and the special exhibition "Puppies-Born to be wild".
||Life in the high mountains